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Ranthambhore Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Ranthambhore Travel Guide

Ranthambhore Fact File


Eastern Rajasthan, India
11 Kms. from Sawai Madhopur, 145 Kms. from Jaipur and 380 Kms. from New Delhi

Major Attractions:

Ranthambhore National Park, Ranthambhore Fort and Ganesh Temple

Must Experience:

Visit to Ranthambhore Fort and take a Jungle Safari in Ranthambhore National Park.

STD Code:


Best Time to Visit:

October to April


Hindi, English and Rajasthani

Getting there:

Air: The nearest airport is Jaipur airport (145 Kms. away)
Train: 11 Kms. away, Sawai Madhopur Railway Station is the nearest one.   
Road: Ranthambhore has bus services to and from Sawai Madhopur, which is well connected with all the major cities of Rajasthan.

About Ranthambhore:
The Ranthambhore National Park is one of the most popular tiger reserves in India. Spread across three hundred and ninety two square kilometers Ranthambhore is home to a variety of wildlife. The prime attraction at Ranthambhore remains the Tiger, the national animal of India. Located on the intersection of Aravalli and Vindhyas, Ranthambhore National Park is approximately 11 km from Sawai Madhopur. Sawai Madhopur is the gateway to the world renowned Ranthambhore National Park, the famous 'Tiger Reserve'. Once a princely game preserve, Ranthambhore is the best place to get a glimpse of the Tiger. The geography of the park ranges from gentle and steep slopes of the Vindhyas to sharp and conical hills of the Aravalli.

Ranthambhore is a dream destination for wildlife enthusiasts. Famed for its avid wildlife, Ranthambhore offers a picturesque ambiance with rocky smudges, lovely hills, pretty lakes, ponds and beautiful ravines. Its rugged terrain and strategic location in the midst of Vindhya and Aravalli ranges makes it a perfect asylum for those estranged and exotic breeds in the Animal Kingdom. A pictorial place with extensive range of dazzling landscapes, Ranthambhore offers something unusual to its visitors. The mesmerizing ride through the undulating grasslands, gushing streams, open scrubs, densely wooded valleys, deep ravines flanked by steep peaks would definitely provide one with a rejuvenating vigor. An ideal park for wildlife photography, the Ranthambhore National Park attracts professional wildlife photographers, from all over the world.

The sanctuary has river Chambal in the south and river Banas in the north bordering it. Dry deciduous forest, open grassy paddock, several lakes and rivers that make up the park can be passed through only by the roads built by the Forest department. Another dominating feature of the Tiger Reserve is the Ranthambhore Fort, dating back to the 10th century. There are three big lakes in the sanctuary, the Padam Talab (Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh.

Ranthambhore was the erstwhile hunting grounds of the Maharaja of Jaipur until 1955 when it was declared as a game sanctuary. With the emergence of Project Tiger, it was declared a national park and listed among its protected reserves in 1980. With time, it emerged as the wildlife photographers' delight as it offers them a chance to photograph the tiger in its natural environment. A Jeep Safari in the national park, a cultural and traditional experience with the Meena tribes, and for the more adventurous, a night-out in the hideouts of the park makes Ranthambhore a good choice to visit.

Besides the tiger at the Ranthambhore you may spot animals like the antelopes, nilgai, sambhar, chital, sloth bear, wild boar, chinkara, porcupines, jackals, leopards, jungle cats, fox, caracals, hyena, gazelle, Indian hare, mongoose and jacanas. The other attractions at the Ranthambhore are the birds like the crested serpent eagles, Bonelli's eagle, Indian horned owl, quail, partridge, spur fowl and paradise flycatcher.

Ranthambhore is also renowned for its temple of Lord Ganesha. Ganesh Chaturthi holds a special place in Ranthambhore and Sawai Madhopur and is celebrated to commemorate the origin of Lord Ganesh, who is said to have been born on this day. The Ganesha temple in the fort of Ranthambhore is one of the most eminent Ganesha temples of Rajasthan. On this day, thousands of devotees visit the temple. There are songs and 'bhajans' praising Lord Ganesha. The area has its own share of markets where you can find general merchandise and small trinkets to shop for.

Tourists who wish to go on a shopping spree may take a ride to the nearest town of Ranthambhore National Park. Along with other typical Rajasthani memorabilia such as tie and dye and batik fabrics and traditional ethnic silver jewellery, the paintings in the style of Ranthambhore School of Art is the hot picks among the tourists. The paintings typically portray tigers, inspired by the Project tiger, which aims to conserve the species.

Travel to this tiger reserve in Rajasthan, which opens during the first week of October and closes end June. November to February is recommended for those who cannot deal with the heat. For tiger lovers, the 'hot' months are October, March and April, when the watering holes have been replenished by the monsoon, birds come visiting and tigers are more easily sighted close to water bodies. While moving, bear in mind that early morning and late afternoon are the best times to view wildlife.

History of Ranthambhore:
Ranthambhore has been a witness to the rise and fall of many rulers and a series of battle scenes. In the 13th century A.D., Govinda, the grandson of Prithviraj Chauhan took over the reign of the land. Later his successor Vagbhatta beautified the city and built a noteworthy temple at Jhain. In the middle of 15th century A.D., Rana Kumbha captured the fort and gifted it to his son to be occupied later by the Hada Rajputs of Bundi and Mughal Emperors Akbar and Aurangazeb. Mughal emperor Shah Alam gifted it to Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh 1 of Jaipur in 1754 and since then it was mainted as trhe hunting preserve of the Maharaja sawai madho Singh queen wlizabeth II and the duke of edinburgh were part of the royal part of hunting parties who stayed here.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Ranthambhore

Ranthambhore National Park - The 392 sq.km park comprises of dry deciduous forest sprawling over the undulating terrain of the Arvalli and Vindhaan ranges. The park is one of the finest tiger reserves in the country under the project tiger. The majestc predators assured if protection roam freely during the day times and can be seen at close quarters. Ranthambhore sanctuary has large number of sambhar, chital nigai chinkar langur wild boar and peafowl.

A system of three pretty artificial lakes padam talao rajbagh and Milak talao alongwith a number of anicuits are part of the biosphere. Beside enhancing the scenic beauty of the park, they are an important source of water for the inhabitants of the park. While deer congregate here to drink water fresh water cocodile can be seen basking in the winter sun to regulate their body temperture. The lake also attracts a large number of migratory and local birds. The local fauna of the park includes leopard hyena jackal jungle cat sloth bear and a little population of pythons. Ranthambhore is one of the most suitable places for wildlife photography in the world.

Padam Talao- The Padam Talao is a large lake in Ranthambore National Park. It gets its name from the lotus flowers that bloom in the lake. The Padam Talao is a favorite watering hole of the animals of Ranthambore. Tigers, leopards, deer, monkeys and peacocks can be seen drinking at the lakes edge. Machans or huts on observation posts near the Padam Talo are an excellent platform from where you can see the animals in Ranthambore National Park. The hunting lodge called Jogi Mahal is situated on the banks of the Padam Talao.

Rajbagh Talao- The second of the three lakes in Ranthambore in size, the Rajbagh Talao has ruins that extend to the edge of the lake. The lake is often ringed with animals drinking from its banks. The water plants in the lake provide the swamp deer or Sambhar with vegetation to graze on. Cattle egrets often accompany the Sambhar feed on insects and frogs displaced by the Sambhars movement through the water. Tigers can often be seen near the Rajbagh Talao.

Malik Talao- The Malik Talao is the littlest in surface area of the three lakes in Ranthambore National Park. It is best known for its many species of birds seen on its banks and within the lake. Kingfishers, egrets, herons, ibis, storks and cranes can be seen around the Malik Talao. Watch out for the crocodiles in the Malik Talao.

Ranthambore Fort- Ranthambore Fort in Ranthambore National Park is a historic monument. Unlike most other monuments in India there is no entry fee and you won't be bothered by touts or guides near the fort. Constructed by the Chauhans, its actual builder is uncertain. The Ranthambore Fort is located on a high plateau of over 700 feet, in the center of Ranthambore National Park. You can see panoramic views of the park from its high walls. Its steep fortified walls run for 7 Km and encircle a group of buildings that include palatial rooms, temples, mosques and barracks. The Padam Talao is visible from the living quarters of the Ranthambore Fort. The Guptaganga, a perennial spring provides the fort with a source of clean water. You can spend an entire day exploring the fascinating Ranthambore Fort.

Rajbagh Ruins- The Raj Bagh Ruins are situated between the Raj Bagh Talao and the Padam Talao. The ruins of a palace these structures consist of broken down rooms and outhouses, with arches, partly standing walls and domes. The majestic tigers of Ranthambore can be seen relaxing in the shade of these structures in Ranthambore National Park.

Ranthambhore has extreme desert climate having dry and hot summers and cool to chilly winters. The temperature in summer (from April to June) is around 40ºC. In winters (from October to March), days are sunny and pleasant days but during nights, temperature can be pretty low.

How to reach Ranthambhore:

Air: - The nearest airport is at Jaipur which connected to all the major cities, which includes Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Jodhpur.

Train: - Sawai Madhopur located on the Delhi-Mumbai main railway line, it is well connected with Jaipur and other major tourist centers. There are daily trains from Delhi, Jaipur and Mumbai.

Road: - A good network of bus services connects Sawai Madhopur with many places. Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe Buses from Jaipur to Ranthambhore. The roads are very good, and it takes around 4-5 hrs from Jaipur. You can hire also a taxi.

Local: - Taxis and Cycle-rickshaws are available.

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