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Pushkar Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Pushkar Travel Guide

Pushkar Fact File

Location:

Ajmer District, Central Rajasthan, India
140 Kms. from Jaipur and 390 Kms. from New Delhi

Major Attractions:

Pushkar Camel Fair, Holy Pushkar Lake and Brahma Temple.

Must Experience:

Take a holy dip in the famous Pushkar Lake, Visit to world famous Brahma Temple and Do Photography of Beautiful Decorated Camels in Pushkar Fair.

Shopping:

Sarafa Bazar, Baza Bazar and Kedalganj bazaar are the main shopping spots for buying Textiles, Jewelry, Leather goods
Pottery, Embroidered Clothes and Puppets.

STD Code:

0145

Best Time to Visit:

October to February

Language:

Hindi, English and Rajasthani.

Getting there:

Air: The nearest airport from Pushkar is Jaipur Sanganer Airport is well connected to all the major cities.
Train: The nearest railway station for Pushkar is Ajmer, which is on the Broad Gauge and hence connected to all the metro cities of India.
Road: Pushkar is well connected to other cities and towns of Rajasthan. Regular bus services operate from Ajmer to popular destinations around.

About Pushkar:
Pushkar is located just 11 Kms. away from Ajmer on the edge of Thar desert lies a tiny tranquil town of Pushkar along the bank of the picturesque of the lake which is an important pilgrimage place for Pushkar. Amongst the grandeur of Rajasthan, discover a unique gem - Pushkar. Pushkar city is regarded to be the abode of Lord Brahma. Lord Brahma symbolizes birth and is regarded as the creator of the world. He is also supposed to be a storehouse of knowledge and is depicted with four hands, a book of Vedas (knowledge) in each hand. Lord Brahma's wife is known as Savitri and a swan serves as his vehicle. Pushkar is a much loved tourist destination, many who visit there just fall in love with the place and overstay. Situated on the edge on the desert it is separated from Ajmer by the Nag Parbat (the snake hill). The town has very distinct tourist excitement with narrow lanes lined with shops selling various accessories and rooftop restaurants. Despite its high tourist profile the town maintains some mystical charm.

The charming lake of Pushkar is surrounded by hills on three sides and sand dunes on the fourth and presents an ideal site for the religious and cattle fair, which is held every year in the month of October or November. Pushkar alone has more than 400 temples and is said to be the only place with a temple dedicated to Lord Brahma, one of the most important member of the Holy Trinity of Hindus who is known as “The Creator”.

As a source of souvenirs, Pushkar occupies an important place in Rajasthan. Visitors who make a tour to the holy town also throng at the bazaars to shop for textiles, vivid embroidery, jewellery, miniature paintings, leather goods, brass utensils, puppets and pottery. Pushkar is one of the best places in Rajasthan to purchase costume jewellery and embroidered clothes. During the Pushkar fair, you can buy various objects such as beads, bangles, embroidered clothes, camel cover, leather goods brass utensils etc during the fair.

Pushkar is a holy city where drugs, alcohol and non vegetarian food are prohibited. While in Pushkar dress conservatively, and respect Hindu culture.

History of Pushkar:
Pushkar the sister city of Ajmer, is only 11 kms away from the city. Accounts of this city can be founded in the 4th century writing of the Chinese traveler Fa-Hien and also in the scripts writing during the era of Muslims invasions. Pushkar is famous for its fairs and festivals and for Brahma Temple. It is said that in a battle Lord Brahma killed the demon Vajra Nabh with a lotus flower whose petals floated down to earth and landed in three places in and Pushkar where Lakes sprang up. The bath at Pushkar is thought to be more important than at any other place. The holy dip in this lake on Kartika Purnima is thought to be salvation giving. Pushkar is very dear to Lord Brahma. The place is famous in His name. So it is blessed by Him in every way. In olden times the people who took a holy dip at Pushkar were relieved from all the sins and went to heaven after their death by the grace of Lord Brahma.

According to another legend the word Pushkar means a pond created by flower. The city along with the lake was created when Brahma released a Lotus from his hands on Earth, for the purpose of deciding the venue for his yagna. It is believed that Lord Brahma had to perform the yagna at a very short notice, the time of the yagna being very auspicious. The presence of his wife was very much required and necessary for the performance of the yagna. However, Savitri did not turn up on time and kept Lord Brahma waiting. He got so much angry and annoyed that he married a local milkmaid, Gayatri and sat with her for the yagna. Savitri, incensed and enraged on seeing someone else take up her place, cursed Lord Brahma that he would not be remembered and worshipped by the people on Earth. On hearing her curse, other gods pleaded to Savitri to take back her curse. She conceded and said that Lord Brahma will be worshipped only in Pushkar. This is believed to be the reason why there is only one Brahma temple in the whole world.

According to Hindu mythology, all the gods visit Pushkar for five days in a year to bless the devout and absolve them of their sins. There are many legends associated to the origin of Pushkar and Pushkar Fair but they have one thing in common. They are all associated with Lord Brahma. A visit to Pushkar Fair is an experience of a lifetime and is certainly not worth a miss.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Pushkar:

The Brahma Temple- The Brahma temple is an important pilgrim centre for the Hindus. It is nestled in the Pushkar valley which lies beyond Nagaparvat and the Anasagar Lake. This place, full of natural beauty, holds a special place in the hearts of Indian for it is believed that Lord Brahma, together with all the gods and goddesses, performed a Yagya here Brahma Temple The most famous temple in Pushkar, this is the only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma (the creator of the universe according to Hindu mythology) in the entire world. This temple built with marble is decorated with silver coins and there is a silver turtle on the floor of the temple.

Varah Temple- The Varah temple houses an image of Lord Vishnu in the incarnation of wild boar. The temples of Lord Brahma and Varah are considered equally important. My thologically a very important temple and is believed that Lord Vishnu came on the earth in the incarnation of Varah (Wild boar) to kill the demon Hirnayaksh and liberate the land from his atrocities.

Pushkar Lake- The Pushkar Lake, believed to have been created by the falling of lotus from the hand of Lord Brahma. It is considered to be as old as the creation. The lake is considered one of the most sacred spots, and believed that one dip in the waters of lake on Kartik Poornima, is equivalent to performing yagnas for several hundred years. The charming Lake amidst the hills has fifty-two bathing ghats, built around lake. The water around each ghat is supposed to have special powers. The Naga Kund is belived to give fertility, Roop Tirth gives beauty and charm, Kapil Vyapi Kund water helps in curing leprosy and a dip in the Mrikand Muni Kund grants the boon of wisdom.

Man Mahal- Raja Man Singh-I of Amer, built this largest royal house in Pushkar located on the east of Sarovar, the sacred lake in Pushkar. It gives a clear view of the banks and temples located around the lake. It was built as a royal guest house for Raja Man Singh I on his trips to the holy town. This traditional guest house has now been converted into a hotel.

Savitri Temple- The Savitri Temple is dedicated to Goddess Savitri, Lord Brahma's first wife. It is located on the hill behind the Brahma temple. To reach the temple one has to climb a long series of steps. The site of the Savitri temple provides a panoramic view of the lake and surrounding sand dunes.

Fairs and Festivals:

Pushkar Camel Fair: The famous Pushkar Fair is a great tourist attraction. Pushkar Camel Fair is colorful and lively fair, it is one of the largest cattle fairs in the country held every year at Pushkar on Kartik Poornima (full moon, October - November). The 9 day event is considered to be the most striking animal fair in the world. Hundreds of horses, camels, cows and bulls are brought here to be sold. The spectacular fair is irresistible. Vendor displays their attractive goods and the villagers go on a shopping spree. Colorfully filled by turbaned men and odhni-wearing women, the entire atmosphere is electric and the otherwise serene temple town comes to life. Pilgrims, from far and wide come to attend this fair and take sacred dips into the Pushkar Lake. People bathe, worship and delight in the dazzling wares of roadside stalls. Most unusual are the small groups of men and women seen busy tattooing their hands and other parts of the body.  The fair is predominantly a rural gathering. Villagers come from different parts of the state and bring their cattle with them. On spectacular sand dunes camel, horse and bullock races are great crowd pullers. All roads lead to the lake, which is flooded with pilgrims. The movement of the crowd is like a tide of colour with currents of crimson, yellow and turquoise. The Camel and Horse races, parades and other cultural events are organized, which are full of fun and gaiety.

Evenings at the Pushkar Fair have their own charm.After an eventful day, as the sun sets down, the entire atmosphere reverbrates with the ringing bells and prayers in the temples. At night, hundreds of small oil lamps are lit and placed on green leaves and floated on the lake after the Arti Puja (prayers). The act of worship is called 'deepdan', and the entire lake is illuminated. The view is simply mesmerizing and is to be seen to be believed. In night Ballads are sung by actors in passionate tones. Folk dramas, skits and folk dance are organized for the entertainment of the tourists.

Excursions:

Kishangarh: Ruled by Rathores, the city of Kishangarh is mainly known for its miniature paintings. Kishangarh got renowned as one of the finest schools of miniatures paintings in the 18th century. Under the patronage of Savant Singh, this particular art form reached its heights. It is said that Savant Singh portrayed as Krishna, with Bani Thani (his mistress) modeling as Radha, for the purpose of the paintings. Apart from the paintings, Kishangarh is also regarded as a rich store of marbles.

Ajmer: Ajmer is located just 14 km away from Pushkar. The most popular attraction of the city is the Dargah (tomb) of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chisti. Other attractions are the Ana Sagar Lake and Adhai Din ka Jhonpara.

Climate:
Pushkar has an extreme desert climate. In the summer time, the days are hot, with the blazing with its full strength. The nights in Pushkar are pretty cold, even in summers. The average temperature in the summers ranges from 45° C (max) to 25° C (min), approximately. The climatic conditions of Pushkar, Rajasthan in the winter season are quite pleasant. The average temperature in winters ranges around 10° C, approximately.

How to reach Pushkar:

Air: - Jaipur Sanganer Airport is the nearest airport to Pushkar, which in turn has daily flights to and from Delhi and Mumbai. It is also well connected with Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Ahmedabad, Aurangabad and Calcutta. The airport is not more than 20 km from the city centre.

Train: - The nearest railway station to Pushkar is Ajmer. Ajmer has a good network of trains that connect it to Delhi, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ahmedabad, Mumbai and other major cities of the country. You can catch Shatabdi Express from New Delhi for Ajmer.

Road: - Pushkar is 11 Kms. from main Ajmer bus stand. Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe buses from Jaipur. There are buses from Jaipur to Ajmer every 15 minutes, some nonstop. The roads are very good, and it takes around 3 hrs from Jaipur. You can also come by hire private cars.

Local: - Auto and Cycle-rickshaws are available.

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