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img Rajasthan Cultural Tour
Duration : 16 Days / 15 Nights
Destination Covered : New Delhi – Agra – Jaipur – Bikaner – Jaisalmer – Jodhpur Ranakpur – Udaipur – Chittorgarh – Pushkar - Mandawa - New Delhi
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imgFascinating Rajasthan Tour
Duration : 14 Days / 13 Nights
Destination Covered : New Delhi – Agra – Jaipur – Ranthambhore – Kota – Chittorgarh – Dungarpur – Udaipur – Pushkar – New Delhi
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imgMysterious Rajasthan Tour
Duration : 10 Days / 09 Nights
Destination Covered : New Delhi – Agra – Jaipur – Kuchaman - Khimsar – Mandawa – Samode – New Delhi
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imgEnchating Rajasthan Tour
Duration : 13 Days / 12 Nights
Destination Covered : New Delhi – Agra – Ranthambhore – Pushkar – Udaipur - Jodhpur – Jaipur –New Delhi
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Musical Instruments in India

indiagateThe music of India is one of the oldest unbroken musical traditions in the world. Music has always been an important part of Indian life. Music speaks what cannot be expressed, soothes the mind, gives it rest, and heals the heart.  The philosophy of the Indian Classical Music took its origin from the concept of Nada Brahma which means that the whole universe was created from the energy of sound - it's only the sound that exists in the beginning. This form of music went further exploring the mysteries of nature with immense spiritual interpretation.

The basis for Indian music is "sangeet".  Sangeet is a combination of three artforms: vocal music, instrumental music and dance.  Although these three artforms were originally derived from the single field of stagecraft.  Today these three forms have differentiated into complex and highly refined individual artforms. The present system of Indian music is based upon two important pillars: Rag and Tal.  Rag is the melodic form while Tal is the rhythmic.  The interpretation of the Rag and the Tal is not the same all over India.  Today there are two major traditions of classical music.  There is the north Indian and the south Indian tradition.  The North Indian tradition is known as Hindustani sangeet and the south Indian is called Carnatic sangeet.  Both systems are fundamentally similar but differ in nomenclature and performance practice.

The range of musical phenomenon in India extends from simple melodies to what is one of the most well- developed "systems" of classical music in the world. There are references to various string and wind instruments, as well as several kinds of drums and cymbals, in the Vedas. Some date the advent of the system of classical Indian music to Amir Khusro. Muslim rulers and noblemen freely extended their patronage to music. In the courts of the Mughal emperors, music is said to have flourished, and the Tansen was one of the jewels of Akbar's court.

India’s classical tradition has a variety of musical instruments that reflect original creativity, adaptive innovation and assimilation. The musical instruments have their own importance in the field of music. Most of the Indian musical instruments have evolved over centuries. The various musical instruments of India have contributed immensely in making Indian music famous. Some of these instruments are used in Hindustani classical music that belongs to the North and some are used in Carnatic music that belongs to the south of India. The Indian musical instruments are of various types. Some are stringed instruments, some are percussion instruments and some are wind blown instruments. The music created by the instruments when played is absolutely melodious and is often used to relax the mind and the senses.

Sitar: - Sitar is the most popular stringed instrument of India and has been in use for about 700 years. It is fashioned from a seasoned gourd and teakwood and has twenty mental frets with six or seven playing strings and nineteen sympathetic strings below. It is played with a plectrum worn on the finger. Sitar has a long and complex heritage; its origin goes back to the ancient Veena. In the 13th century, Amir Khusru, in order to make the instrument more flexible, reversed the order of the strings and made the frets moveable. Ravi Shankar, the great musician-artist brought changes and a new perspective.
Flute: - Flute is a musical instrument that belongs to the woodwind family and produces a sweet sound. A person who plays the flute is known as a flautist or a flutist. It is usually played in a vertical position. A flute produces sound only when a stream of air is blown through it, which bounces in and out of its numerous holes.

Veena: - Veena, also known as Saraswati Veena is a musical instrument of South India. This classical instrument is basically a plucked stringed instrument that is used to accompany Carnatic music. It is essentially a member of the lute family. The Veena has been modified and refined over centuries and has been used since ancient times. Veena is a stringed instrument. It consists of a large body hollowed out of a block of wood. The stem of the instrument is also made of wood. The bridge is placed on the flat top of the body of the Veena and the neck attached to the stem is usually carved into weird figure like the head of the dragon.

Violin: - The Violin is not a traditional musical instrument of India. The history of violin does not originate in India. It emerged in its current form in Italy during the 16th century. It was imported from the West and was used with south Indian classical music for the first time during the 18th century. It is played in a sitting position and is held between the right foot and the left shoulder.

Tabla: - The tabla is a very popular percussion instrument of India. It consists of two drums called tabla & dagga (bayan) respectively. The treble drum (tabla) is generally made of wood and the top is covered with a stretched skin. To produce the distinct treble sound of the tabla; the artesan has to make a hard mixture in the center of the tabla (shahi). The skin is wrapped around the wood frame with the help of leather strings (wadi) and round wooden blocks (gatta). The tuning is done with the help of a hammer which is struck on the gatta to tense or relax the skin. The dagga pot is generally made of brass or copper. It is the bass accompaniment of the Tabla. The tabla is about 11 inches long while the dagga is about 10 inches long. The musician uses the base of the palm as well as the fingers to produce great variations in sounds.

Shehnai: - The shehnai is a popular musical instrument in India and falls in the category of aero phonic instruments. Shehnai is believed to bring good luck that is why in North Indian marriages and processions Shehnai is predominantly played. Shehnai is a tube-like instrument that gradually widens towards its lower end. There are eight or nine holes, the upper seven for playing and the lower ones for tuning.

Sarod: - The sarod is a popular Indian classical musical instrument. Sarod is similar to the Western lute in structure. It is one of the most important musical instruments amongst followers and connoisseurs of Hindustani classical music. The body is carved from a single piece of well-seasoned teakwood and the belly covered with goat skin. There are four main strings, six rhythm and drone strings and fifteen sympathetic strings, all made of metal. These are played by striking with a plectrum made of a coconut shell.

Mridangam (hawaj): - The mridangam belongs to the percussion family and has been played by Indians for more than 2000 years. It consists of a wooden shell approximately 27 inches long, covered with stretched skins on each side. Played horizontally with the fingers and palms of both hands, the right hand surface is tuned to the pitch required and the left hand surface provides the base. It is famous for its distinctive buzzing sound and is used extensively for dance performances.  

Harmonium: - The harmonium belongs to the wind family of instruments. The basic working of a harmonium is a wooden box in which air is trapped with the help of bellows. There are normally two to three chambers in which metal reeds are fixed; the sound is produced when the air is forced out of the reeds. The working of the reeds is controlled by the white and black keys on the surface of the instrument. It is a constant companion for most ghazal singers.

Sarangi: - The name derives from Sau Rangi meaning 100 colours. Sarangi is a bowed string instrument typical of Indian subcontinent. Sarangi forms an important string instrument in Hindustani school of classical music tradition. Sarangi is played with a bow and has four main strings and as many as forty resonant strings. It is generally used to accompany singers but can also be a solo instrument.

Santoor: - Santoor is a North Indian instrument originating from Kashmir. It has more than a hundred strings which run across a hollow rectangular box and the strings are struck by a pair of sli

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