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Mount Abu Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Mount Abu Travel Guide

Mount Abu Fact File

Location:

South-Western Rajasthan, India
210 Kms. from Udaipur and 510 Kms. from Jaipur.

Major Attractions:

Dilwara Jain Temples, Raghunath ji Temple, Gaumukh Temple, Adhar Devi Temple, Sunset Point, Honeymoon Point and Nakki Talav

Must Experience:

Visit the magnificent Dilwara Temples, Take a boat cruise on the pristine waters of Nakki Lake, walk 365 steps to reach an archaic temple of Adhar Devi, witness the beautiful play of colors at Sunset Point or feel like God at the Guru Shikhar, the highest point of Mount Abu.

Shopping:

Curios made from marble, sandalwood and sandstone and Jewellery, Wood Carvings, Metal Artifacts can be shopped from shops lined along the beautiful Nakki Lake.

Where to Eat:

For Non-Vegetarian Dishes, Jaipur House Restaurant is best option, Kanak Dining Hall for Gujarati Thali and Hanky Fanky for Fast Food.

STD Code:

02974

Best Time to Visit:

February to June and September to December

Language:

Hindi, Gujarati and English

Getting there:

Air: The nearest airport is Udaipur Airport, Udaipur at a distance of 185 kilometers.
Train: The railway station is at Abu Road at a distance of 28 Kms. which is well connected by Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Mumbai.
Road: A wide network of roads connects Mount Abu with all nearby places.

About Mount Abu:
The only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Ranges. Mount Abu is located in a district named Sirohi. A very unique feature of Mount Abu is that it comprises of lakes, evergreen forests and rivers. In India, Mt. Abu is rightly called "Oasis of the Desert". The highest peak in Mount Abu is Guru Shikhar, which is located at a height of 1722 meters above sea level. Your travel to Mount Abu will truly be an experience to remember. It sure is a pleasant retreat from the arid and harsh plains. Mount Abu also has its own share of tourist attractions. Mt. Abu is fast emerging as one of the major tourism destinations of Rajasthan. So make sure you travel to Mount Abu when you visit Rajasthan.

Mount Abu is perched on a 1,219 metres high rock plateau at the far southwestern end of the Aravalli hills. Well-known for its exquisitely carved marble Dilwara temples, Mount Abu is an appealing hill resort that attracts locals and foreigners alike. Being very close to Gujarat, it is a popular summer resort built around a lake and surrounded by thick woods and hills. It is said that the place was named after Arbuda, a serpent who descended to the spot to rescue Shiva's bull, Nandi. Besides the famous temples and other archeological remains, there are fascinating treks and picnic spots, romantic retreats of various erstwhile royal families of Rajputana and some remnants of the Raj period. Weirdly shaped gigantic rocks, lovely lakes and cool climate make Mt Abu a unique place in the arid desert land of the Thar.

A major attraction of Mount Abu is the Raghunathji Temple that is located near the Nakki Lake. The temple is dedicated to Shri Raghunathji. A gorgeous idol of the deity was placed in this temple in 14th century A.D. by the well-known preacher Sri Ramanand. The flora and fauna enjoys the adulation of the tourist to the fullest. Among the flourishing ranges is the highest point of the Aravalli is the 'Gurushikhar' with a vast sanctuary that shelters a number of species like langur, wild boars, Sambar, leopards and many more along with a number of flowering trees thus enhancing the whole scenario. This glorious ambience suited mainly to the likes of sages and tribals and both made a great impact in the history of the region.

Mount Abu with its word-class tourist facilities with hotels ranging from budget class to three star and heritage provides a great holiday escape and honeymoon attraction. Every year more then three million national and international tourists visit Mount Abu enjoying its scenic beauty, rich flora & fauna as well as the marble art of Dilwara Jain Temples. Tourists who come to Mt Abu from all over the world to see the beautiful Dilwara Temples, flock to the market surrounding Nakki Lake for mementos and gifts for their loved ones. The highlights to look for here are curios made from marble, sandalwood and sandstone that are quite a delight to see. Kota saris and apparels, ethnic and traditional Rajasthani bangles, Sanganeri prints in linen along with other Rajasthani handicrafts are also among the favorite buys.

History of Mount Abu:

Mount abu was the home of many saints and sages in the old days. Legend has it that all the 300 million gods and goddess of the Hindu used to visit the holy mountains. During the British rule in India it was the favorite summer destination of the British who came here to escape the dusty, dry heat of the plains particularly Rajasthan. Mount abu was once the part of the chauhan kingdom of rajasthan and served as a summer resort for the Rajput kings. It was later leased to the British by the then Maharaja of Sirohi for use as the headquarters of the resident to Rajputana. Mount Abu served as a retreat to many sages and seers including the famous sage Vashistha. Mount Abu today is a Jain pilgrim centre. The magnificent Dilwara temple is the greatest attraction of Mount Abu and there are many more archaeological remains. There are various interesting treks and picnic spots close by.  

According to another legend, once sage Vashishth's cow Nandini fell in lake. The sage appealed to Lord Shiva for assistance. The Lord then sent the youngest son of Himalaya, the king of mountains to save her. This he did with the assistance of Arbud, the celestial cobra, who brought a huge rock on his hood. The spot where the rock was dropped came to be known as Mount Arbud and was later changed to its present form - Mount Abu, the famous hill station of Rajasthan.

The hill boasts of rich vegetation and thick forest, it stands out as an oasis in the arid environs, it is pleasant climate picturesque setting invite thousands of tourists for pleasure trips and relaxation.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Mount Abu:

Dilwara Temples- Dilwara temples were built between eleventh and thirteenth century A.D. Today, it is recognized the world over for it's magnificent Jain temples. No visit to Abu can be complete without a trip to the famed Dilwara temples. These temples are the greatest draw of Abu, apart from its salubrious clime. Half hidden by mango groves their sober exterior belies the wealth of their interior ornamentation. These splendid temples are dedicated to the Jain Tirthankaras. The oldest amongst these is the Vimal Vasahi temple. This temple was built in the year 1031 A.D., and is dedicated to the first Tirthankara. The architecture is worth the praise. Their intricate design and the extensive use of ivory makes them look stunning.

Sunset Point- It provides a lovely view of the setting sun, South-West of Nakki lake, where the sun gradually drowns itself in the azure sky between two mountain peaks, steps lead up to high terrace which offers an awe inspiring view of the setting sun.

Toad Rock- Overhanging the Nakki Lake, so called because of its likeness to gigantic toad about to leap into the water.

Nakki Lake- The Nakki Lake is picturesquely set amidst hills and is believed to have been carved out by the Gods with their nails. It is popular spot for boating and the only artificial lake in India that is 1200 mts. above sea level. The location of the lake, the rich surroundings and amazing landscape views is a regular crowd puller. Ragunath Temple, a popular one in the district, lies nearby the lake. Some people, Hindu devotes, take it as a sacred lake, as a reference has been made about it in the popular legends.

Gaumukh Temple- The distinct backdrop of Gaumukh Temple makes it look more mystical and beautiful. There is a sculpted cow in the temple compound and a stream continuously flows to the overhead tank. The hill side, water streams, gardens and the intricate architecture makes the site one great place to visit.

Adhar Devi Temple - This temple is situated at a distance of 3km to the north of the city. the temple is built on a rock cleave and one has to crounch under the rock to enter the temple. This temple is dedicated to goddess Durga is regarding as one of the important pigrimage sites of mount abu. . There are fine views over Mount Abu from up here. This temple is one of the favourite tourist spots of Mount Abu. It is believed that the image of the goddess was originally hanging in mid-air, hence the name is ' Adhar Devi '.

View Points - The plateau offers some wonderful views, the most popular being the Honeymoon Point (Anadra Point) and Sunset Point, where hundreds of people assemble to watch the sunset every evening in a festive atmosphere of pony rides and memento sellers.

Excursions:

Achalgarh Fort - Just 8 km from Mt Abu, it is a remarkable fort with some stunning Jain temples situated in its premises. The most remarkable ones are Achaleswar Mahadev temple and Kantinath Jain temple with a gold plated image. The Mandakini Kund near the Achaleswar Temple and the Sculpture of Parmar Dharavarsh are of special interest. Other temples are of Meena and Chamundi.

Guru Shikhar - Around 15 km away from the city this is the guru shikhar. the highest peak of the mount abu is also perhaps the beautiful. There is certain serenity about the temple built atop this peak. The Temple might just have steeped out of a fairy tale with only a small portion in pink jutting out of an otherwise plain white chalk building. . Inside is a shrine of Dattatreya, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu while outside, a little distance from its door, is a huge brass bell, which stands as a sentinel overlooking the lush greenness of Mount Abu. The view from Guru Shikhar, especially at dawn, is marvellous.

Trevor`s Tank - 03 Kms. from Mount Abu, Trevor`s tank named after the British engineer, is a heaven for the bird watchers, situated amidst the densely wooded hills of the Aravali Ranges. A rich variety of Beautiful birds can be observed. The most important are being the pheasants, peacocks and partridges.

Fairs and Festivals:

Summer Festival: Summer Festival is celebrated for three days in Aashadh (according to the Hindu calendar), which usually falls in June. It is devoted to the tribal culture and folk music and dances. A special occasion, as the people throng from al parts of the country to escape the sizzling heat of the plains, and rejuvenate their sapping energies. They are treated to one of the most exotic festival which lingers in their minds for long. The Summer Festival features ballads, Gair, Ghoomar and Daph folk dances, which enchant the spectators with their grace and variety. Sporting events such as the boat race on the Nakki Lake add variety to the festival.

Gangaur Festival: Gangaur Festival is celebrated in Chaitra (according to the Hindu calendar), which usually falls in March or April. A festival for young maids and married women, dedicated to Gauri, the incarnation of Goddess Parvati. Women pray for the prosperity and long live of their husbands, while girls seek good husbands from the goddess. A colorful procession are taken out with pomp and gaiety. 'Gan' represents Lord Shiva and 'Gaur' represents Goddess Gauri or Parvati, His consort. Gauri is considered to be the Goddess of marital happiness and conjugal bliss. Mainly the festival for maidens and ladies, they worship her for good husbands and the welfare, health and long life of their husbands respectively. Gangaur is celebrated all over Rajasthan but there is an interesting way to celebrate Gangaur among the Girasia tribe, who live in Sirohi-Mount Abu region. The unusual and interesting feature of their celebration is the procession of the Gangaur image from village to village. The tribal youth get an opportunity to meet and mingle freely, select a life partner of their choice and marry by eloping. A romantic but strange custom, sanctioned by the society.

Climate:
Being the only hill station of Rajasthan and situated at an altitude of 1,219 meters above sea level, people flock to Mt. Abu because it has dry, sunny but pleasant summers with temperature ranging from 15ºC to 33ºC while winters are bit colder with temperature ranging from 7ºC to 25ºC. The rainfall is scanty.

How to reach Mount Abu:

Air: - The nearest airport is at Udaipur at a distance of 185 kilometers.

Train: - Mount Abu is 29 km from the nearest railway station situated at Abu Road on Delhi-Mumbai route. Taxis, jeeps and buses are available from Abu Road to Mount Abu.

Road: - Mount Abu is well linked with smooth roads to all the major cities in northern and western India including Ahmedabad, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Jaipur.

Local: - Buses, Taxis and Jeeps are available.

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