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Jodhpur Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Jodhpur Travel Guide

Jodhpur Fact File

Location:

Western Rajasthan, India
332 Kms. from Jaipur and 245 Kms. from Bikaner.

Major Attractions:

Mehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhawan Palace and Jaswant Thada

Must Experience:

Stay at the royal Umaid Bhawan Palace and experience the royal lifestyle of Majaraja (Kings). See the intricate carvings embellishing the walls of the structure. Enjoy the mesmerizing view of Jodhpur City from the Meherangarh Fort where Cannons are Placed.

Shopping:

Clock Tower, National Handlooms, Tripolia Bazaar and Sarafa Bazaar are best option for buying Bandhini (tie and dye fabric) Footwear (mainly embroidered jutis), Utensils Leather items, Handicrafts and Antiques.

Where to Eat:

Nirali Dhani and Mehran Terrace for Traditional Rajasthani Cuisine, Restaurant at Umaid Bhawan Palace offers fine dinning treat.

STD Code:

0291

Best Time to Visit:

October to March

Language:

Hindi, English and Marwari

Getting there:

Air: Jodhpur is well connected by flights from New Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jaisalmer and Jaipur.
Train: Jodhpur is well connected by rail to other parts of Rajasthan and important cities and towns of India like Delhi, Mumbai and Jaipur.
Road: Jodhpur can be reached from anywhere in Rajasthan via a wide network of roads. Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air conditioned buses from Delhi to Jodhpur.

About Jodhpur:
Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan, after Jaipur. Rao Jodha, a chief of Rathore clan, founded the city in 1459. Jodhpur is set at the edge of the Thar Desert. This imperial city echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness of the desert. A high wall -10 km long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions encompasses the city. Each part of Jodhpur is a delight to watch because of its picturesque desert landscape. It is also known as the “Blue City” due to the indigo tinge of the whitewashed houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. The city of Jodhpur is famous for its fabulous forts and palaces that should not be missed visiting at any cost. Also known as the "Sun City", Jodhpur is located roughly at the center of the state of Rajasthan.

The city now stands divided into two parts, the old city and the new city. Surrounded by a 10 km long wall, the old city has 8 gates leading out of it. Beyond the walled old city, lies the new city of Jodhpur. The main attraction of the city is the massive Mehrangarh fort, one of the largest forts in India. Housing numerous places, galleries, a temple and a museum inside it, the fort reflects the talent of the Jodhpuri artisans. Apart from that, various other attractions like a number of lakes, gardens, museums, temples, etc make Jodhpur travel and tourism a truly fulfilling experience.

The lifestyle in Jodhpur, India is quite fascinating. The folks there wear nice and lovely multihued costumes. The women folk wear wide gathered skirts and a hip length jacket, with three quarter length sleeves, covering the front and back. Women are also love to wear jewelry on many parts of their body. They particularly like to wear specific type of jewelry like the ones worn on the feet, head, forehead, ear, nose, neck, arms, wrist, fingers, waist, etc. Another one of the unique features of the culture of Jodhpur, Rajasthan is the colorful turbans worn by men.

A must buy in Jodhpur is leheriya saree or tie and dye textiles and a pair of camel leather 'jootis'. Jodhpur is also known for its lacquerware, puppets, antiques and carpets. If you love to cook, this is the place you should search for all the magical Indian spices that you will simply love. The market in Umaid Bhavan is a good place to buy antiques from. However, if you want to visit a market place where you can buy everything at once, then Sadar Bazaar is a good place to shop.

The graceful palaces, forts and temples strewn throughout the city bring alive the historic grandeur of this city. Lending a romantic aura to Jodhpur, are its exquisite handicrafts, folk dances, folk music and the brightly attired people. The desert people are quite affable. With their sweet smiles and warm hospitality, they win the hearts of the tourists. The famous Marwar festival brings out the festive spirits of the people of this city.

History of Jodhpur:
Jodhpur history revolves around the Rathore Clan. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India. He founded Jodhpur in 1459. The city is named after him only. It was previously known as Marwar. The Rathores were driven out of their original homeland, Kaunaj, by Afghans. They fled to Pali, near to the present day Jodhpur. Rathore Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this region. In some time they ousted the Pratiharas of Mandore, just 9 km of today's Jodhpur. Initially, Mandore served as their capital, but, by 1459, Rathores felt a need for a secure capital. This lead to the formation of Jodhpur, the Sun City, by Rao Jodha.

The Rathores enjoyed good relations with all the Mughals, except Aurangzeb. Maharaja Jaswant Singh even supported Shahjahan in his struggle for succession. After Aurangzeb's death, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Marwar (now Jodhpur). Under the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh, Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city. During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in Rajputana, by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the British Raj. Its merchants, the Marwaris, flourished endlessly. They came to occupy a dominant position in trade throughout India. In 1947 India became independent and the state merged into the union of India. Jodhpur became the second city of Rajasthan.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Jodhpur:

Mehrangarh Fort - One of the largest forts in India, the Mehrangarh fort is the pride of Jodhpur. Perched on a 150 m high hill its sprawl is the most formidable and magnificent fort in Rajasthan. Rao Jodha founded it in 1459 but subsequent rulers of Jodhpur have also added to it over the centuries. The fort has seven gates, some of which still stand as a witness to the battles fought by the armies of Jodhpur. The fort houses a number of palaces inside, with extensive patios. The main palaces are Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Takht Vilas, Jhanki Mahal, The Sileh Khana and The Daulat Khana. A museum also finds a place inside the fort, displaying a rich collection of old royal palanquins, arms, paintings, costumes, etc. There are also a number of galleries and temples inside the fort. The Mehrangarh fort is a living proof of the expertise and hard work of Jodhpur artisans.

Umiad Bhawan Palace- This flamboyant palace was built in the 20th century as a famine relief project, with a purpose to give employment to the people for a long period of 16 years. A remarkable art-deco construction, Umaid Bhawan is resplendently maintained and one of the most impressive sights in Jodhpur. Maharaja Umaid Singhji who built this palace was fascinated with western lifestyles so he marshalled the services of a well-known Edwardian architect, Henry Vaughan Lanchester, a creditable equal of Edward Lutyens (architect of New Delhi) to construct a three hundred and forty seven roomed Umaid Palace. This was to become India last of the great palaces and the biggest private residence in the world. Spectacular Central Rotunda, the cupola rises to a hundred and five feet high; the Throne Room with its exquisite Ramayana murals; an elegant wood-panelled library, and even a private museum; an indoor swimming pool, a Billiards Room, tennis courts and unique marble squash courts makes Umaid Bhawan Palace is unabashedly the most magnificent. The Palace now is a five star deluxe palace hotel. The museum of the palace is highly recommended for its display of weapons, an array of stuffed leopards, a huge banner presented by Queen Victoria and an incredible collection of clocks.

Mandore- Mandore was the former capital of Maharajas of Marwar and is located about 5 miles north of Jodhpur, but was later abandoned for the security of Mehrangarh fort. Here you will find the dewals, or cenotaphs of Jodhpur's former rulers.
Unlike the usual chhatri-shaped cenotaphs typical of Rajasthan, they were built along the lines of a Hindu temple, four stories high, with fine columns and an elegant spire, all in red sandstone. The most impressive is the dewal of Maharaja Ajit Singh (reigned 1678-1724). These cenotaphs are set in beautiful landscaped gardens. Nearby is the hall of heroes, dedicated to various deities and fabled Rajput folk heroes, whose statues are carved out of rock and painted in bright colures.

Jaswant Thada- On the way down from the fort, on left is Jaswant Thada, the graceful marble cenotaph of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. His son Maharaja Sardar Singhji built the Taj Mahal of Marwar in the memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singhji II of Jodhpur. The main memorial has been built like a temple with intricately carved marble stone that is sculpted by the genius artesian. Exceptional portraits of Jodhpur's precedent rulers are also exhibited here. Particularly captivating are the intricate latticework and the elaborate carving on the doors. The garden and water tank in front of the cenotaph are superb and heighten the tranquility of the monument.

Clock Tower and Sadar Market - A prime attraction of the city is clock tower and the colorful sadar Market near to it. These colorful markets with tiny shops dotting the narrow lanes are situated in the heart of city and popular for a wide range of handicrafts making then the favorite haunt of shoppers.

Fairs and Festivals:

Marwar Festival: Marwar Festival is a two-day festival held in October in Jodhpur on the full moon night or 'Sharad Purnima'. Formerly known as the 'Maand Festival', this annual event showcases the art and culture of Jodhpur and is devoted exclusively to songs and dance of the Marwar region. 'Maand' is a classical style of folk music that focuses on the romance and chivalry of the rulers of Rajasthan. The high-spirited folk dancers gathered here, perform with passion and amuse the audience with Rajasthani legends. These folk performers bring to life the myth and folklores of the region and sing songs in remembrance of the valiant heroes. Horse riding, horse polo and variety of competitions are also feature in the festival.

Excursions:

Osian: Ossian is an old city situated 65 km from Jodhpur. The ancient town of Thar Desert was a great trading center between 8th to 12th centuries. Today it is desert oasis with 16 Brahamanical and Jain temples, beautifully sculpted and designed, most of which have stood ravages of time. The Sun Temple is the most venerated and the oldest temple amongst them. To our surprise, most of these temples face in the west direction. Moreover, there are the Mahavira Temple and the three Vishnu temples that are worth visiting. The place is highlighted by its camel ride at the time of the sunset. The tourist's have the liberty to watch the architectural forms during that camel ride and return back to the camps or the resorts followed by drinks and thematic evening of performing arts and a choice of oriental cuisines arranged in the ethnic style of that region.

Machiya Safari Park: It lies on the way to Jaisalmer, about 1km from Kailana Lake. The key fauna of the safari park includes, deer, desert fox, monitor lizard, blue bulls rabbits, wild cats, mongoose, monkeys etc. There is also large number of birds, which can seen from an exclusive bird watching point and also nice sunset can seen from the fort of park.

Pali: Pali is named after the Paliwal Brahmins who once inhabited the area. Ancient Pali housed a highly evolved civilization. The land, was leased by the then chief of Mandore (the former capital of Jodhpur district), was cultivated diligently by the Paliwals who abandoned their former priestly profession. The temples of Somnath and Naulakha are very old. Naulakha Jain temple has elaborate carvings while Somnath Shiv temple is known for its handsome bulling having exquisite mouldings.

Soojat City: Sojat city, is situated on the left bank of the Sukri River near Pali town, known as Tamravati in the ancient times, the fort has a big reservoir and several temples like Sejal Mata, Chaturbhuj and much more. The old temple of Chamunda Mata located on the top of one of the hillocks. Dargah of Pir Mastan is the main attraction at the time of Urs- the Muslim festival. One of the major attractions of this city is the plantation of mehandi trees, a herbal plant where the leaves are squashed into a thin paste and applied on the hands and the feet in various attractive designs.

Nimaj: Nimaj boasts of a temple built in 9th century. It was dedicated to goddess Ma Durga. It also covers a unique art gallery showcasing some masterpieces of sculptural art, adorned within natural surroundings so as to provide an authentic ambience.

Nagaur: One of the famous excursions around Jodhpur, Rajasthan is the Nagaur city. Dating back to the 4th century, the city is almost midway between Jodhpur and Bikaner. One of the main attractions of Nagaur is the Ahhichatragarh fort, housing a number of palaces, mosques, temples, baolis (reservoirs), fountains, open terraces, etc. Then, there is the Nagaur fair, held annually in the month of January-February, the second biggest fair in India.

Khimsar Fort Palace: Situated approximately 90 km from Jodhpur, Khimsar Fort Palace is a perfect place for those seeking to take a break from the daily grinds of the city life. It has now been converted into a heritage hotel, providing all the luxuries of a contemporary hotel.

Kailana Lake: Situated on Jaisalmer road. This is a charming picnic spot with a small artificial lake. And if you are here to stay on to take delight in the sunset. It is like a canvas with a splash of romantic colors. The beauty will linger on with you for a long time.

Guda Bishnoi Village: 25 Kms. from Jodhpur, The Guda Bishnoi Village is scenic beauty marked with Khejri trees and deer. Also in the village is the Guda Bishnoi Lake. It is an artificial lake, perfect as a picnic spot. The Bishnoi community inhabits the village. The villagers are staunch worshippers of nature in all its forms, specially the sanctity of plant and animal life. Around the Guda Bishnoi Lake, you can see numerous migratory birds like domicile Cranes etc, blackbucks and chinkaras. The Guda Bishnoi Village is the perfect place to experience the traditions and customs of tribal life.

Balsamand Lake and Palace: Balsamand Lake is located on Jodhpur-Mandore road, 7 kms from Jodhpur. It was constructed in 1159 by Parihar Balak Rao. An enchanting picnic spot with cool breeze weaving through the lush grove of mango, guava, papaya and other fruits. A placid artificial lake with a summer palace on the embankment. On the banks of the lake stands the Balsammand Palace. The beautifully carved palace has now been converted into a heritage hotel. The serene surroundings will leave you at peace with yourself.

Sardar Samand Lake: As you go up to the shimmering lake and palace, a meandering and interesting drive will keep you entranced. The countryside with its lively villages and smiling, gay village folk of Jhalamand and Goora, will make you stop by and taste a bit of their hospitality. Photographers and adventurists can have day packed with enthralling excitement. Freely roaming herds of Chinkaras and Black Bucks can be seen here in large numbers.

Climate:
The climate of Jodhpur is hot and dry. The summer season extends from April to mid October, with the average temperature falling in the range of 42.2° C (max) to 36.6° C (min). The climatic conditions of Jodhpur, Rajasthan are quite pleasant in winters. The average temperature in the winter season is somewhere between 27.5° C (max) to 15.5° C (min). However, in winters, Jodhpur weather might experience cold nights, with the temperature dipping to as low as 3° C.

How to reach Jodhpur:

Air: - The Jodhpur Airport is 5 km from the city center. Regular flight services connect the city with other major cities in and around Rajasthan. There are daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur.

Train: - Jodhpur Railway Station is located at the distance of 2 km from the city. Jodhpur is on the Western Railway's broad-gauge network and is linked to various centers in the region by express and passenger trains.

Road: - A well-developed network of roads connects Jodhpur with other towns and cities of Rajasthan and North India. State roadways and private operators run bus services between Jodhpur and other cities of Rajasthan and North India.

Local: - Car Taxi, Auto and Cycle-rickshaws are available.

For more details kindly enquire now for the above proposed tour.

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