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Jaipur Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Jaipur Travel Guide

Jaipur Fact File

Location:

Central Rajasthan, India
240 Kms. from Agra and 260 Kms. from New Delhi

Major Attractions:

City Palace, Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar and Birla Laxmi Narayan Temple.

Must Experience:

Elephant Ride at Amber Fort, Visit to Chokhi Dhani Village and Glimpse the beauty of stunning white marble Birla Temple.

Shopping:

Johari Bazaar for Gold and Silver Jewellery and gems. Bapu Bazaar and Nehru Bazaar for Saris and Fabrics, Jootis, Textiles, Local perfumes and Sandals. Tripolia Bazaar and Chaura Rasta for Textile and Ironware. Sanganer Village for Block Printing, Hand Made Paper and Blue Pottery.

Where to Eat:

Niro's is best option for Indian, Continental and Chinese cuisines, Annapurna for Gujarati Thali, Dana Pani and Indiana Restaurant for Veg or Non-Veg meals and Natraj for Rajasthani Thali.   

STD Code:

0141

Best Time to Visit:

October to April

Language:

Hindi, English, Marwari and Rajasthani.

Getting there:

Air: The nearest airport to Jaipur is the Sanganer Airport in Jaipur, 10 km from the city.
Train: Jaipur is also well connected by trains. Jaipur is on the Broad Gauge and also the main railway junction of Rajasthan and hence connected to all the metro cities of India.
Road: Jaipur is well connected by road to major cities in India. Excellent road network serves people to enjoy a comfortable journey to and from Jaipur.

About Jaipur:
Jaipur the capital city of the northern Indian state of Rajasthan is one of the most vibrant and colorful cities of India. Famous for its colorful culture, forts, palaces, and lakes the city basks in the glory of a rich and eventful past. Jaipur is a planned city which is made all the more attractive by the pink wash that most buildings are periodically given. Jaipur - the capital of Rajasthan also known as the pink city, is not only the gateway to the state, but is also a perfect launch pad to begin a discovery of Rajasthan's multifaceted attractions. Built of pink stucco in imitation of sandstone, the Pink City of Jaipur with its modernism reflected in urban places and archaic monuments, is a unique synthesis of the traditional and the modern worlds. As one walks through the magnificent Rajput palaces or the bustling trading centres, memories take a smooth trail to the dramatic chapters of bygone era, and thus one can never forget Jaipur.

Jaipur is 260 km from Delhi and 240 km from Agra and forms the most chosen tourism golden triangle of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. It a bustling capital city and a business centre with all the trapping of modern metropolis but yet flavored strongly with an age-old charm that never fails to surprise a traveler. The old Jaipur painted in Pink can grip any visitor with admiration. Stunning backdrop of ancient forts Nahargarh, Amer, Jagarh and Moti Dungri are dramatic testimonials of the bygone era and a reminder of their lingering romance. Settled in the rugged hills of the Aravallis, Jaipur is the pristine jewel in the desert sands of Rajasthan. Jaipur is as remarkable for its marvelous architecture and town planning as it is for the lively spirit of the people who inhabit it. The city presents a unique synthesis of culture that has to be experienced in order to be appreciated.

Jaipur has always been a favored place for cultural events, religious fairs and festivals. The festivals are generally dedicated to one or other incarnations of Shiva and Parvati, like the Gangaur and Teej, and are usually marked by a colourful procession, that wends its way through the heart of the Pink City. Women dress superbly, adorning themselves with gold and silver jewellery, and spend time in groups at swings that are specially erected for the festivals. Visit Jaipur in March and be a part of the 'Elephant Festival'. One will be enthralled by the royal procession of colourfully caparisoned elephants on the streets of Jaipur, the pinkcity of Rajasthan in India.

Jaipur in Rajasthan, India was designed by a Bengali architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya as per the Hindu treatise, Shilp Shastra. One of the first planned cities of its time, Jaipur is built in a kind of a grid system. Dividing the city are the nine rectangular city sectors, each surrounded by a wall with huge gates. All of the sectors have wide straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes. Even the Bazaars are made in a uniform manner with identical rows of shops on either side. Today, the city is a major tourist attraction in India because of its magnificent forts, grandiose palaces, vivacious temples, multihued bazaars, pulsating streets and its renowned pink color to which the city owes its oft-used name 'The Pink City'. This famous pink color symbolizes 'welcome' and was adopted during the times of the ruler Ram Singh II when he received the Prince of Wales in 1876. The color was chosen after several experiments to cut down the intense glare from the reflection of the blazing rays of the sun. Today, every home within the old city is obliged by law to maintain this uniqueness of the city. Throughout the old city you can see the traditional, marvelous, pink-colored houses with latticed windows lending charm to a scene which is almost miraculous at sunset.

Popularly known as 'The Gem City', Jaipur is famous all over the world for its gemstones master cutters, polishers and gemstone dealers and for its cut and polished emeralds. It is also a world leader in semi-precious stones and Kundan (the art of setting precious stones in gold) - Meena (the art of enameling on gold or silver) jewellery. Other famous items to shop for in Jaipur are: - Lacquered Bangles, glazed Blue Pottery with its origin in Persia, Hand Block Printed Textiles, Tie & dye Fabrics (Bandhani/Bandhej), Stone Craft Marble and sandstone articles and traditional miniature paintings. Tourists are also often found shopping for 'jootis' (traditional Rajasthani moccasins) and 'kathputlis' (puppets). Jauhari Bazaar is a place to shop for jewellery and tie-dye saris while Bapu Bazaar and Nehru Bazaar are famous for textiles, local perfumes and 'mojadis' (shoes made of camel skin). A number of emporiums can be found on Mirza Ismial Road (M.I. Road) selling a huge range of goods - from jewellery and brass work to textiles, from blue pottery to woodwork and many more. You can visit Sanganer Village for hand-made paper, block printing and blue pottery.

Jaipur is a major business center that bustles with life while still retaining its old world charm. The magnificent palaces and forts, the imposing havelis (mansions) and the imposing walls built around the city still speak volumes about the historical legacy of Jaipur. Jaipur is one of the hottest tourism spots in the world today. The city was built over a period of almost 3 centuries and still glows in radiance of its rich cultural heritage.

History of Jaipur:
Jaipur, the pink city was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha Rajput, who ruled from 1699-1744. Initially his capital was Amber, which lies at a distance of 11kms from Jaipur. He felt the need of shifting his capital city with the increase in population and growing scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the King took great interest while designing this city of victory. He consulted several books on architecture and architects before making the lay out of Jaipur. After several battles with Marathas, Jai Singh was keen on the security aspect of the city. Due to this reason, he focused on his scientific and cultural interests to make a brilliant city. Being, a lover of mathematics and science, Jai Singh sought advice from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, to aid him design the city architecture. Vidyadhar referred the ancient Indian literature on astronomy, books of Ptolemy and Euclid, and discussed the plan with the King. With a strategic plan, the construction of the city started in 1727. It took around 4 years to complete the major palaces, roads and square. The city was built following the principles of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian Architecture. The city was divided into nine blocks, out of which two consist the state buildings and palaces, whereas the remaining seven blocks were allotted to the public. In order to ensure the security, huge fortification walls were made along with seven strong gates.

According to that time, architecture of the town was very advanced and certainly the best in Indian subcontinent. In 1853, when Prince of Wales visited Jaipur, the whole city was painted in Pink color to welcome him. Still, the neat and broadly laid-out avenues, painted in pink provide a magical charm to the city. Jaipur is rich in its cultural and architectural beauty, which can be traced in the various historical and aesthetic places that reside in the city. This city of victory really wins the hearts of the people with its splendid charisma.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Jaipur:

Hawa Mahal – The ‘Palace of Winds’ built in 1799 A.D, by Maharaja Pratap Singh, is the most recognizable monument of Jaipur . This is the most easily recalled landmarks of Jaipur and is also its icon. Located in the city Palace it is best viewed from the outside for the palace is really a facade. This five-storey building overlooking the busy bazaar street is a stunning example of Rajput architecture and artistry with its pink delicately honeycombed 953 sandstone windows known as 'jharokhas'. It was originally built for the ladies of the royal household to watch everyday life and processions in the city from their veiled comfort.
 Gaitore - It is the final resting place of the Maharajas of Jaipur and is located just off the Jaipur - Amber Road. Situated in a narrow valley the cenotaphs of the former Maharajas are chhatris made in typical Rajput architecture. The chhatri of Sawai Jai Singh II is of special mention for its carvings that exaggerate it.
Nahargarh Fort- Nahargarh Fort is located on the sheer rugged ridge of Aravali Hills and it forms an impressive northern backdrop of Jaipur. It looks most classy when floodlit at night. The fort overlooks the city and presents a glittering view of the city lights. It was built in 1734 and extended in 1868. Nahargarh meaning abode of the tigers was built by Jai Singh to bolster the defence of Amber. The rooms are linked by corridors and retain some delicate frescos as well as toilets and kitchen hearths. It was used by members of the royal family for excursion in summers and is now even a favoured picnic spot.

Amber Fort - Amber Fort built in 16th century by Maharaja Man Singh,it sprawls on the hillside. Its construction was started by Raja Man Singh but completed by his descendant Jai Singh. Amber is the classic romantic Rajasthan fort palace. Amber today is nothing but a reflection of the glorious past of the fierce Kachwaha Dynasty that ruled over this region from 12th to 18th century. the Amber fort is built in re sandstone and white marble; the palace complex has very interesting apartments. the old township of Amber lies at the foothills of the palace and has an old world charm. The rugged walls of this fort may not look beautiful from outside, but the interior is a virtual paradise and painted scenes of hunting and wars adorn the walls along with precious stones and mirrors set into the plaster. Jai Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Sukh Niwas and Ganesh Pole are the main areas of interest in the Amber Fort.

Albert Hall – Albert Hall is situated in the beautiful Ram Niwas Garden. This beautifully designed Sarcenic structure was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob. It was opened in 1887 as a public museum. Built in a mix of marble and sand stone. The museum displays an impressive collection of traditional art like sculpture and miniature paintings.

Jaigarh Fort - The Jaigarh fort is the most spectacular of the three-hilltop forts that overlook Jaipur. In Mughal times, the Jaipur region was a major weapon-producing centre for the Mughal and Rajput rulers, several of which are on display in the fort's museum. It is one of the few military structures of medieval India preserved almost intact, containing palaces, a granary, a well-planned cannon foundry, several temples, a tall tower and giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban (Jaivan) which is the largest cannon in the world. Jaigarh Fort is also known as the fort of victory.

Jal Mahal - Jal Mahal was built by Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799 A.D. in the midst of Man Sagar Lake as a pleasure spot. The lake was formed by constructing a dam between two hills by Sawai Man Singh I. During winter months one can see large number of migratory birds at the lake.

City Palace - City Palace known as core of the Rajasthan, which is situated in the heart of the city. The Palace is now converted in a museum except for a one section where the erstwhile royal family still lives. One of the most magnificent marvels of Jaipur is the City Palace Complex which has a rare combination of the finest blends of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. In the heart of the old city, it has a vast area. The first building in it is Mubarak Mahal, built by Kaharaja Madho Singh. It has a beautifully carved marble gate with heavy brass doors on either side of this gate. Beyond this gate lies the Diwan -e-Khas, or the "Hall of Private Audience". City Palace Museum that occupies the ground floors and outer courtyards offers rare manuscripts, Mughal and rajasthani miniature paintingss, mughal carpets, royal costumes and textiles, arms and weapons.

Jantar Mantar - Jantar Mantar is the most famous and elaborate observatory of its time. It was constructed in the year 1724 A.D. by Sawai Jai Singh II, even before the city of Jaipur was built, and has been described as the most surrealistic and logical landscape instone. Its complex instruments, whose settings and shapes are scientifically designed, represent the high points of medieval Indian astronomy. It was built to measure the local time, the sun's declination, altitude, the declination of stars, planets and to determine eclipses.

Kanak Vrindavan Valley - Not so old but definitely an exquisitely land scaped gardens with beautifully carved temple in beige stone, which is a vast complex with terrace sites all around and intricately carved marble columns and lattices. Located in the foothills of Nahargarh hills on the way towards Amer, this complex is a popular spot for picnic and film shoots. It should be definitely visited on the way to the three garland forts of Jaipur- Nahargarh, Jaigarh and Amber. The greenery after the monsoons gives this whole place a feel of heavenly sensation, with JAL MAHAL in the back ground.

Fairs and Festivals:

Elephant Festival: Elephant Festival is held in March or April every year on the auspicious occasion of Holi, the festival of colors. As the name suggests, dozens of elephants parade at the Chaugan stadium. The best-attired elephant is given a prize. Elephant Polo and cultural songs & dances are featured events in this festival.

Gangaur Festival: Gangaur Festival takes place in March/April near Holi. It is celebrated in the honor of Goddess Gauri and is celebrated mainly by the women and girls. It is associated with marital happiness and conjugal bliss. The womenfolk enthusiastically perform several rituals associated with the event and a colorful procession of the Goddess is carried out in the city, which is a big tourist attraction.

Teej Festival: Teej Festival is celebrated in July/August to welcome the monsoon season, which is so much awaited in the desert capital. A huge procession is carried out in the main streets in the honor of Goddess Teej, which includes elephants, camels, horses, chariots, palanquins, band players, acrobats and folk artists. Temporary jhoolas (swings) are erected for youngsters to enjoy. Effervescence, jubilation and myriad hues, which are characteristic of the state of Rajasthan, can all be seen here.

Jaipur Festival: Jaipur Festival is a fairly recent event that takes place in the month of November where myriad of programs, competitions and felicitations are organized meant to revive old customs and traditions of princely Jaipur. It closes on, November the 18th, which is deemed as 'the birthday' of Jaipur.

Kite Festival: Kite Festival is a three-day festival held on the eve of Makar Sankranti that falls on 14th January every year when the skies are of multi-colored skies vying with each other all-day long. The featured events are Fighter Kite Competition and Display Flying, where the participants compete with each other for the coveted prizes. On the final day, the Maharaja of Jodhpur gives a farewell dinner and distributes prizes at Umaid Bhawan Palace, the royal residence.

Temples in Jaipur:

Govind Dev Ji Temple: A vital part of the city Palace complex, this Krishna temple has been highly preserved by the erstwhile royal family. Sawai Jai Singh installed the image of GOVIND DEV JI (an incarnation of lord Krishna) after it was brought from Vrindavan. Housed within the sanctum of this spire less temple, the patron deity of the royal family is very religiously worshipped by most of the Hindus in the city and near by areas. The image is unveiled seven times daily for 'AARTIES' and BHOGS offered in the silver wares, consisting of sweets mostly. The idols of RADHA KRISHNA are dressed in different styles each time for the 'AARTI' procession where thousands of followers or 'Bhakt' gather around the courtyard for the Darshan (a look connecting them with the divine).

Birla Lakshmi-Narayan Temple: Birla Mandir or the Lakshmi - Narayan Temple, situated just below the Moti Dungari. This is a modern temple built of white marble on top of a hill, dominating the skyline of south Jaipur. The Birlas (industrialists who have also built several temples in India) built this temple. The temple has been constructed in white marble and has three domes, each portraying the different approaches to religion. The presiding deities here are Vishnu (One of the Hindu Trilogy Gods) called Narayan and his consort Lakshmi Goddess of wealth and good fortune. The temple is built is white in marble and exterior has carved sculptures of various mythological themes and images of saints. The interior has large panel in marble of mythological proceedings. The images of the deities are placed in the sanctum sanctorum. Built on raised ground, it is surrounded by large lush green gardens.

Moti Dungri (Ganesh Temple): In the middle of Jaipur rises a small hill Moti Dungri meaning pearl hill, because it looks hill a drop of pearl. An exotic palace is parched which is a replica of Scottish castle once occupied by Maharaja Madho Singh's son. From There on remained as a private property of the ruling family. In the recent past it served as a home for Rajmata Gaytri Devi and her estranged son Jagat Singh. The mere view of this castle is exotic enough. The highlight of this place is the famous and auspicious temple of Lord Ganesh, which is frequently visited by almost whole of Jaipur and people from outside.

Gardens:

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh: Built by Sawai Jai Singh II for his Sisodia queen - the Sisodia Rani-ka-Bagh has splendid tiered multilevel gardens, fountains, pools, some gorgeous pieces of sculpture and painted pavilions.

Vidyadhar's Garden: Built in the memory of Vidyadhar, the architect of the Pink City, it is situated 7 kms. east of Jaipur in a narrow valley surrounded by high hills. It has been renovated recently and used to be the former vineyard of the royalty. This is a terraced garden with fountains, pool and other features of a formal royal resort.

Excursions:

Tonk: 96 kms away from Jaipur, Tonk is a quiet town which was ruled by tribes of 'Pathans' from Afghanistan. The focal point of Tonk is the Suneri Kothi, the Golden Bungalow. A fairly ordinary monument from outside, it has stunningly rich ornamental interiors. There are also some interesting buildings that accommodated the British office. Tonk is also famous for its leather and felt industry and one can pick up a good bargain from the markets. The Nawab of Tonk was an avid book lover and built a sizable library of Arabic and Persian manuscripts. Arabic and Persian Research Institute are also located here.

Sanganer: Sanganer is located 16 Kms from Jaipur. It is also known for exquisite Jain temples. Moreover, it is an important centre for crafts and hand-printed textiles that is internationally famous. The town is most famous for its hand paper and mostly screen-printed fabric. The fabric is popular for small floral designs. A wide variety of material for apparels, furnishing and curtaining is available. Some of the traditional designs were produced in the patronage of the royal family. It is a beautiful sight to see brightly colour fabric drying out in the sun near the river. The manual tanning and block printing by the use of simple techniques is still practised here and the patterns are made in huge tints. However, Sanganer is best known for the making of handmade paper. One may visit a paper factory and see the process while one can see big sheets of paper and colored materials drying on the river banks and in fallow fields as one drives through the city.

Bagru: Bagru is located 30 kms away from Jaipur on the Ajmer Road and is well known for its Bagru prints. This technique simulates a wooden block on which the required design is first carved, then the carved block is used for transferring the motif in the desired color on the fabric. This process is most effective on ethnic floral patterns and for printing in vegetable dyes in traditional Bagru Prints.

Samode:  The fort is an old fortified residence of the Nathawat family (hailing from chomu) that served as the Prime Ministers of the Jaipur Royal Court is located some 40km from Jaipur and 264 km from Delhi in the range of Aravali. This magnificent fort is as charming and romantic in itself, and exhibits grandeur, good taste, class and elegance. The way to the fort's main entrance is through the inside of the village, which can be covered from the highway by a camel safari, with the locals welcoming the guests with smiles and thrilling expressions. The inside of the fort reflects expressions of the medieval architecture that is renovated a bit for the oriental formality. The open courtyard in the centre has separate wings on the sides that extend to 43 spacious rooms & suites having private balconies and views. The walls are in warm colours to highlight the intricate marble work, the antiques and the colourful art with traditional artefacts.

Sariska: Sariska is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 kms from Jaipur. Although larger than Ranthambore, it is less commercialized and has less tigers but a similar topography. The Northern Aravali Hills dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow valleys. The area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National Park in 1979. The broad range of wildlife here is a wonderful example of ecological adoption and tolerance, for the climate here is variable as well as erratic. In morning and evening, wildlife in Sariska heads towards the many water holes, which litter the park, thus providing the guests with their best chance of viewing game. At some of these watering holes it is possible to book hides which are situated in prime spots for wildlife viewing.

Ranthambhore National Park: Ranthambhore National Park, before a princely game conserve is the scene where the celebrated Indian Tiger is best seen. Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve lies on the junction of Aravali and Vindhyas just 14 Kms from Sawai Madhopur in Eastern Rajasthan. It sprawls over a varying and undulating landscape. Three big lakes – Padam Talab (meaning Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh – are similar turquoises studded in the vast forest that abounds with aquatic vegetation including duckweeds, lilies and lotus. The park is dotted with steep rocky hills and the dominating architecture of Ranthambhore Fort (built in the 10th century), adds to its landscape. The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambhore; although it is the one park resident that people come to see. A variety of birds including Owlets, the ubiquitous Langur (monkey), Leopard, Caracal, Hyena, Jackal, Jungle Cat, marsh Crocodiles, Wild Boar, Bears and various species of Deer are the other attractions.

Abhaneri: Around 95 km from Jaipur, on the Jaipur-Agra road, is the village of Abhaneri. The village is famous for its marvelous baoris (step wells) and Harshat Mata Temple. There is a legend associated with the village. It is believed that the village got its name from Goddess Harshat Mata. The Mata, depicted in a joyous mood, is believed to spread brightness or "abha" all around. Thus, the name Abhaneri (originally Abha Nagri).

Climate:
Jaipur has hot and humid summers and chilly winters. The maximum temperature in summer (from April to July) is around 45ºC. In winters (from October to March), days are sunny and pleasant days but during nights, temperature can be as low as around 5ºC. Foggy evenings are also part of the winters here.

How to reach Jaipur:

Air: - Jaipur Sanganer Airport which is hardly 10 Kms from the City, is directly connected to Delhi, Bombay, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Ahmedabad through regular flights. All major domestic airlines have their services to Jaipur. Recently, one international flight to Dubai has also started from Jaipur by Indian Airlines.

Train: - Jaipur Railway Station is a central main station of the state of Rajasthan. The vast rail track of Indian Railways connects Jaipur station with all other cities of India. There are numerous trains which run on a regular basis to and from Jaipur.

Road: - A well-developed network of road connects Jaipur to important tourist towns of Rajasthan and north India. There are private as well as government buses that connect Jaipur to all the nearby major cities such as Delhi and Agra.

Local: - Auto and Cycle-rickshaws are available.

 

For more details kindly enquire now for the above proposed tour.

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