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Chittorgarh Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Chittorgarh Travel Guide

Chittorgarh Fact File

Location:

Southern Rajasthan, India
380 Kms. from Jaipur and 115 Kms. from Udaipur

Major Attractions:

Chittaurgarh Fort, Rana Kumbha's Palace, Zenana Mahal, Gaumukh Kund and Rani Padmini Palace.

Must Experience:

Visit to Chittorgarh Fort, Beautiful Rani Padmini Palace and Kalika Mata Temple dedicated to Sun God.

Shopping:

Shop Gold and Silver Jewelry, Bandhini Textiles, Hand Embroidered Shoes at Sadar Bazaar, New Cloth Market and Rana Sanga Market. Buy Painted Wooden Toys at Bassi Village.

Where to Eat:

Castle Bijaipur is best option for Rajasthani food, Bassi Fort Palace – Paranthas and Vegetable Food, Enjoy Pure Vegetarian food at Hotel Padmini and Pratap Palace.

STD Code:

01472

Best Time to Visit:

October to March

Language:

Hindi ,English and Rajasthani.

Getting there:

Air: The nearest Airport is Dabok Airport in Udaipur.
Train: Chittaugarh Station is well connected to Delhi by Nizamuddin - Udaipur Express train and Mewar Express connects Jaipur.
Road: The town is well connected by road and the bus services are available for most of the cities of Rajasthan and around the state.

About Chittorgarh:

The pride and glory of Rajasthan, Chittorgarh is known as the city of bravery and romance. Many legends and tales associated with heroism and sacrifices of the passionate men and women of Chittorgarh make it a wonderful place to visit. Chittorgarh - The town of the brave, known for its massive fort top a hill, which can be singled out for its glorious past. The city of Chittorgarh lies 115 km to the east of Udaipur. It is spread over an area of 700 acres. Crowning a 7-mile long hill, Chittorgarh is home to numerous palaces, towers, temples, etc.

Chittorgarh is the epitome of Rajput pride, romance and spirit. It reverberates with history of heroism and sacrifice, which is evident as it echoes with the tales sung by the Bards of Rajasthan. The main reason for visiting Chittorgarh is its massive hilltop fort, which is a depiction of Rajput culture and values. The fort stands on a 240-hectares site on a 180m high hill that rises rapidly from the plains below. The entrance of the Chittorgarh is highly attractive with seven huge entries, namely Bhairon Pol, Lakshman Pol, Padan Pol, Hanuman Pol, Jorla Pol, Ganesh Pol and the main royal gate known as Ram Pol. Chittorgarh bears many nice wild life sanctuaries in its breast attracting wild life lovers and nature lovers.

The Chittorgarh fort has checkered history, it has witnessed some of the bloodiest battles in history, three great Sakas and some of the most heroic deeds of valor, which are still sung by the local musicians. The antiquity of Chittorgarh is difficult to trace, but it is believed that Bhim the legendary figure of the Mahabharta, visited this place to learn the secrets of immortality and became the disciple of a sage, but his impatience to perform all the rites deprived him of his goal, and out of sheer anger he stamped on ground creating water reservoir, this reservoir is called as Bhim Lat. Later on, it came under the Mauryas or Muri Rajputs, there are different opinions as to when it came under the Mewar ruler, but it remained the capital of Mewar till 1568, when it was shifted to Udaipur.

Chittorgarh is just the right place to get your hands on the attractive wooden toys that are made by the rural people from Bassi, a village near Chittorgarh. Tourists can be seen buying Pratapgarh special, 'Thewa' articles, Akola's printed fabric of Akola and leather 'Mojri', a specialty of Gangaur, as mementos and gifts for their loved ones. The best places to go for the shopping spree are Sadar Bazaar, New Cloth Market, Fort Road Market, Rana Sanga Market, Gandhi Chowk and Station Circle.

The Eventful great past of Chittorgarh is well clear in the ruined castles, impressive forts and magnificent royal buildings. The tourists attracted towards this graceful city due to its formidable past as well, apart from the present niceties. Presently, the Chittorgarh of Rajasthan, India extends below the hill on the west side. An embodiment of Rajput pride, romance and spirit, Chittorgarh abounds with tales of heroism and sacrifice. The main attraction behind Chittorgarh travel & tourism is its colossal fort, built on top of a hill. The fort is a reflection of the Rajput culture and tradition. Apart from that, there are a number of towers, palaces, museums and temples worth visiting in the city.

History of Chittorgarh:
Chittorgarh has a long and glorious history of victories and defeats. It was originally the capital of the Rajput Mewar dynasty, which later moved to Udaipur. The history of Chittorgarh, which is one of the oldest cities of Rajasthan dates back to the 8th century. It was given as a dowry gift to Bappa Rawal, the founder of the Sisodia Dynasty when he married the last Solanki princess somewhere in the 8th century. Spread over a 7-mile long hill, the city of Chittorgarh was ruled by the descendants of Bappa Rawal till somewhere around the 16th century. Chittorgarh was always a fiercely contested seat of power due to its strategic location. In fact Chittorgarh's history is fraught with some of the bloodiest battles of all times. It was sacked a number of times, the most famous attack being the one launched by Alauddin Khilji, the sultan of Delhi who was enamored by its then queen Padmini's beauty. The tale of this brave queen who sacrificed her life to escape dishonor is still sung about by the local musicians of Rajasthan. In fact the history of Chittorgarh is replete with the tales of its gallant warriors for whom honor triumphed over everything. After Khilji's attack, Bahadur Shah attacked Chittorgarh in 1535 AD followed by a third one by Akbar in 1568. The last attack was the final straw and Chittorgarh never recovered from this attack. In fact, the city was never inhabited after that. Right now, this ghost town still reverberates with the tales of its past glory and the sacrifices made by its people.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Chittorgarh

CHITTORGARH FORT- Chittorgarh Fort - A standing sentinel to the courage and valor of Chittorgarh, it stands tall over a 180 meter high hillock covering a massive area of 700 acres. The fort is believed to have been built by the Maurya rulers in 7th century AD. Chittorgarh Fort is a massive structure with a 1 kilometre zigzag accent to it. The road leads through seven gates to the main gate Rampol (meaning Gate of Ram). On the climb between the second and third gate you see two Chattris cenotaphs built to honour Jaimull and Kulla heroes of 1568 siege by Emperor Akbar. The main gate of the fort itself is Surajpol (meaning Sun Gate). Within the fort a circular runs around the ruins of the fort. The fort has many magnificent monuments. The fort has witnessed three ferocious sieges and each time her defenders, demonstrating true Rajputana pride, fought valiantly against the enemies.

RANAKUMBHA PALACE- The largest monument of the fort, it is believed that Rani Padmini committed Jauhar, in once of these underground cellars. The palace is in ruins but generates historical as well as architectural interest. The original palace was believed to have been built by Rana Hamir after regaining the fort in the first siege. The Mewar power reached its acme during Rana Kumbha's time, he was a great patron of art and architecture, which is amply reflected in the palace.

RATAN SINGH PALACE- The winter palace for the kings, it over looks a small lake and although run down, is an interesting places to explore.  

PADMINI PALACE- Built beside a pool, the palace is a magnificent one. It was here that Rana Ratan Singh showed a glimpse of queen Padmini to Alauddin Khilji. Rani Padmini stood in a ‘Zanana Mahal’- a pavilion in the centre and her reflection was visible to Alauddin Khilji in a mirror placed in the main hall. After having a glimpse of the legendary beauty, Alauddin went to the extend at ravaging Chittaur in order to possess her.
MEERA BAI TEMPLE- The Meera Bai Temple is dedicated to the mystic poetess Meera, and a devotee of Lord Krishna. Meera was born in Kurki village near Merta to Ratan Singh Rathors, and was married to Bhojraj son of Rana Sanga of Mewar. Legends say that she consumed poison set by Vikramaditya but nothing happended to her due to the blessings of Lord Krishna. In front of the temple is the cenotaph (chhatri) of Meera Bai's Guru Shri Rai Das of Banaras, inside the cenotaph is carved a figure of five human bodies with one head, depicting that all castes are equal and even outcasts can attain God.
VIJAY STAMBH- Built in 1440.AD by Maharana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over Mohamed Khilji this 9-storyed tower is adorned by sculptures of Hindu deities around. There are around 157 narrow steps leading to the terrace where the balconies give a beautiful top angle view of the whole town.When illuminated in the evening, the tower reflects a mesmerizing effect and the view is worth capturing in the camera. This tower is the piece-de-resistance of chittaurgarh.

KUMBHA SHYAM TEMPLE- The Kumbha Shyam Temple dedicated to Varah (Boar), the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It was built in 1448 AD. By Rana Kumbha Mahasati cenotaphs The cremation site of the Ranas and their wives, the sites are marked with Chhatris.

KALIKA MATA TEMPLE- Originally built as a Sun Temple in the 8th century, the temple was later converted into Kalika Mata Temple in the 14th century A.D., dedicated to the mother Goddess Kali- the symbol of power and valour. Situated towards the southern side of the fort, it was built by Rana Hamir.

Excursions:

Nagri: Nagri 20 Kms. from Chittorgarh is one of the most important townships of the Mauryan era in Rajasthan, situated on the banks of river Bairach. It was formerly known as Madhyamika, which flourished from the Mauraya to gupta era. The excavation over here have unearthed many interesting facts and have showed signs of strong Hindu and Buddhist influence.

Baroli: Baroli is 130 Kms. from Chittorgarh. The ruins of the famous temples of Baroli, near Rawatbhata. This town is worth visiting, because of the group of ancient temples situated here.

Bassi Village: Bassi Village is 25 kms. from Chittorgarh. The historical fort en route to Bundi, is the main attraction. It ahs beautiful temples and Kund (reservoir). The exquisite sculptures and woodcraft of Bassi are also very famous.

Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary: The wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 50 Sq. Km. Near the Bassi village. The key fauna of the sanctuary are panther, wild boar, antelopes and mongoose. Migratory birds also visit the sanctuary. For entry into the sanctuary, prior permission is to be obtained from the District Forest Officer, Chittaurgarh.

Sanwariaji Temple: 40 Kms. away from Chittorgarh, Sanwariaji Temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna, situated on the Chittaurgarh - Udaipur highway. This is not a very old structure and is an important Hindu pilgrimage centre.

Matri Kundiya Temple: 50 kms. from Chittorgarh Matri Kundiya Temple is famous as the Haridwar of Mewar' the shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Bhainsrorgarh Wildlife Sanctuary: Bhainsrorgarh Wildlife Sanctuary  is 90 Kms. from Chittorgarh. The sanctuary lies in the lush green environs of Bhainsrorgarh, invaluable archaeological remains can also be seen here.

Bijaipur: 40 kms. from Chittorgarh, Bijapur Castle is 350-year-old castle built by Rao Shakti Singh, the youngest brother of Maharana Pratap, is the major attraction. It has now been converted into a hotel.

Sitamata Sanctuary: The sanctuary is spread over the Aravali and Vindhyachal ranges and is the only forest where teak trees of building value are found. The thickly vegetated sanctuary has about 50% teak trees besides salar, tendu, amla, bamboo and bel etc. Three rivers flow through the forest, Jakham and Karmoj are the major ones. A huge dam has been constructed over the Jakham river for irrigation , and wild animals in the sanctuary.

Menal: 90 Kms. from Chittorgarh, Menal is also known as the 'mini Khajuraho' blessed with natures bounty. This scenic spot is situated on the Chittaur - Bundi road and is famous for the ancient temples, waterfalls and beautiful forests.

Gotmeshwar: 130 Kms. from Chittorgarh, Gotmeshwar is famous for the ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva

Joganiya Mata: 100 kms. from Chittorgarh, Joganiya Mata temple of Goddess Yogini is said to be 300 years old.

Climate:
The temperatures ranges between 25ºC to 45ºC in summers in Chittorgarh while winters are cooler and pleasanter with a temperature range between 10ºC to 30ºC. In this area, rainfall is scanty and generally ranges between 60 to 85 cm.

How to reach Chittorgarh:

Air: - The nearest airport to Chittorgarh is Dabok Airport in Udaipur, which is 90 km from the city.

Train: - You can find a train to Chittorgarh from all the major cities of Rajasthan and Delhi, the capital of India. From Delhi, you can catch Chetak Express. Trains going to Ajmer like Pass from Kota and 9769 Express from Khandawa, also take the route via Chittorgarh.

Road: - Good networks of roads connect Chittorgarh to some of the major cities in India like Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Jodhpur.

Local: - Bus and taxi services are easily available in Chittorgarh.

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