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Ajmer Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Cities >> Ajmer Travel Guide

Ajmer Fact File


Rajasthan, India
135 Kms. from Jaipur amd 389 Kms. from Delhi

Major Attractions:

Dargah Sharif, Ana Sagar Lake, Taragarh Fort, Foy Sagar - an artificial Lake, Jain Nasiyan Temple

Must Experience:

Visit to Ajmer Dargah and Adhai-din-ka-Jhonpra


Most famous shopping items includes Antiques, Ornaments, Gold and silver jewelry in contemporary designs, Bandhini (colorful tie-and-dye Saris), Embroidered Jodhpuri Jutis (footwear) and Ittar (a special form of local perfume)

STD Code:


Best Time to Visit:

October to March


Hindi, Rajasthani, Urdu and Sindhi

Getting there:

Air: The nearest airport to Ajmer is at Jaipur at a distance of 135 kilometers.
Train: The nearest railhead is Ajmer Junction, located at 11 km from the downtown.
Road: Ajmer is well connected with bus from all major places.

About Ajmer:
The Ajmer district is situated in the central part of Rajasthan. Ajmer is only 135 kilometers from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. It encompasses a total area of 55.76 sq. km. The city has a religious and historical importance. It is a holy place for the Hindus and the Muslims as well. Located in the heart of Rajasthan lies Ajmer, which is a beautiful city. It stands out like an oasis amidst barren surroundings. Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan founded this city in 7th century A.D. and it continued to be a powerful province of the Chauhans. Mohammed Ghauri captured it during a battle with Prithviraj Chauhan in 1193. After Mohammed Ghauri Ajmer was captured by many dynasties till it became a part of the Sultanate of Delhi. Today tourism in Ajmer in fast catching up. The Mughals specially liked to spend time at Ajmer, as it was one of their favorite getaways. Today, Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage centre for the Hindus as well as Muslims. Especially famous is the Dargah Sharif-tomb of the Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, which is equally revered by the Hindus and Muslims.

Ajmer is also the base for visiting Pushkar (11 km.), the abode of Lord Brahma, lying to its west with a temple and a picturesque lake. The Pushkar Lake is a sacred spot for Hindus. During the month of Kartik (Oct./Nov.), devotes throng in large numbers here to take a dip in the sacred lake. Another thing the city is famous for is its esteemed and highly impressive Mayo College, exclusively for boys. The school was set up by the British, during their rule over India. Other attractions of the city include the massive Taragarh Fort, Adhai-Din Ka Jhonpra (an old mosque built in 2.5 days only), the picturesque Ana Sagar Lake, etc. Ajmer also serves as the station for those visiting Pushkar housing the only temple of Lord Brahma in India.

Ajmer is ideally conceived with wide streets and handsome houses. Ajmer also serves as an important railway junction. The city is a trade center and has cotton mills and railroad shops. Manufactures include wool textiles, hosiery, shoes, soap, and pharmaceuticals. At Ajmer, one can look for items which have Rajasthani fervor and which echo the old-world mood of the area. The splendid silver jewellery with traditional old designs is the main tourist craze. The other things to be purchased are antiques, curios, mesmerizing contemporary gold and silver jewellery, colorful tie-and-dye sarees and fabrics, and embroidered 'jutis'. There is also a beautiful display of local colorful handicrafts at the annual Urs fair.

History of Ajmer:
Ajmer was founded by Rajput chieftain Ajayapal Chauhan, who also built first hill fort in India, the Tara Garh. He named the place Ajaimeru means invincible hill. Ajmer was Chauhan stronghold till 1194. It was during the region of Prithviraj , in 1191, that Muhammad of Ghori invaded in India. Prithviraj died fighting the sultan's army, and with the establishment of the sultanate in Delhi, a new era began. Ajmer remained under tha Sultanate till 1326. Thereafter it become a bone of connection between the sultans of Delhi, the Ranas of Mewar, the Rathores of Marwar and the Sultans of Gujarat. Peace was restored with the accession of Akbar to the Mughal throne in 1556. He made Ajmer a full fledged province and the base for his operations in Rajputana. Akbar who used it as the headquarters for his vitally important operations in Rajasthan. It was here, a generation later, that the first British Ambassador, Sir Thomas Roe, had an historic meeting with Emperor Jahangir in 1615, and it was here, half a century later, that the critical battle between the Mughals crown prince, Dara Shukoh, and the usurper, was fought. Later Emperor, Aurangzeb, took place. In the 19th century, Ajmer became a little British enclave, from where the British Chief Commissioner for Rajputana kept and eagle eye on all the Rajput Kingdoms. Today Ajmer is, frankly, not the most charming of towns, unlike its hayday in the 17th century when it was Emperor Shah Jahan pleasure resort. There are also various buildings of historical interest to visit here. In 1818, finally the Marathas ceded Ajmer to Sir David Ochterlony and, as part of the British empire, it remained under the care of successive superintendents. In 1947, with the reorganization of the princely states Ajmer became a part of Rajasthan.

Monuments and Places to Visit in Ajmer:

Taragarh Fort - The giant fort stands guarding the city. It has six gates. The fort also has Miran Saheb ki Dargha who was the governor of the fort and laid down his life in an encounter. It gives a panoramic view of the city situated in Nagpahari of Aravalli ranges, this fort has immense archaeological and historical importance.

Dargah Sharif - 'Dargah Sharif' or 'Holy Dargah' is one of the most sacred Muslim shrines in the country. Venerated by both Hindus and Muslims, it is the tomb of Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chisti, a Sufi saint who came from Persia and devoted his life to the service and upliftment of the poor and downtrodden. The Dargah of Khwaja Moin-ud -din Chishti is located at the foot of a small and barren hill in Ajmer, whose blessings are eagerly sought by pilgrims to his dargah thats why its known as Dargah Sharif. The saint’s marble domed mausoleum is India’s most important shrine for Muslims and receives an endless flow of visitors of all religions as the sick, the troubled and the childless come here seeking a boon, a blessing or just peace of mind. Tomb was constructed with white marble, it has 11 arches and a persian inscription running the full length of the building. It has a marble dome and the actual tomb inside is surrounded by a silver platform. Thousand of pilgrims come every year on the anniversary of saint's death.

Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra - 'Adhai Din' means 'two and a half days' and suggests the time duration in which this building was built. This is a masterpiece of Indo - Islamic architecture. As legend goes it was constructed in two and a-half days (Adhi-Din). It is a relic of an old mosque consisting of a quadrangle with a front screen wall of seven pointed arches. The distinct pillars and arched screen with its ruined minarets make it a splendid architectural masterpiece.

Foy Sagar Lake - Located 5 km from the city of Ajmer is the Foy Sagar Lake. It is a picturesque artificial lake named after the engineer Foy who developed it under a famine relief project.

Ana Sagar Lake – Ana Sagar Lake is an artificial lake named after Anaji Chauhan. The catchments were built with the help of local populace. The 'Baradari' pavilions was built by Shah Jahan, to facilitate his long stays in Ajmer. the Baradari and the adjoining parks are the lungs of city and favourite outing spot.

Nasiyan Jain Temple - Nasiyan Jain Temple is located on Prithvi Raj Road and devoted to the first Jain Tirthankara, Rishabhdeoji. The temple is greatly revered by the Digambar sect of Jains. Temple construction started in 1864 and opened to the public in 1895. Its double storey hall contains a fascinating series of large, gilt wooden figures from Jain mythology which depict the Jain concept of the ancient world. This red coloured Jain temple was built in the late 19th century. The wooden gilt in the double storeyed hall depicts scenes from the Jain mythology. The beauty of this temple is widely acclaimed.

Fairs and Festivals:

Urs Fair: Urs Fair is held during the first six days of Rajab (seventh month of the Islamic calendar) on the death anniversary of Sufi saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti, whose remains lie buried and are held in held in great reverence by devotees of all communities in 'Dargah Sharif' in Ajmer. Khwaja had come from Persia and established Chishtia order of 'fakirs' in India. At night, religious assemblies called mehfils are held in the mehfil-khana, a large hall meant for this purpose. These are presided over by the Sajjada Nashin of the dargah. Qawwalis are sung and the hall is packed to capacity. There are separate places reserved for women who attend the mehfil. The mehfil terminates late in the night with a mass prayer for the eternal peace of the Khwaja in particular and mankind in general.

Pushkar Fair: Pushkar Fair is held in the month of Kartik that usually falls in October or November at Pushkar, which is 11 kms away from Ajmer, Rajasthan. One of the most sought-after fair in Rajasthan, a lot of tourists come to Pushkar Fair on pilgrimage as well as to see the display of a mystifying array of items. With the picturesque sand dunes as its backdrop, the camel fair and camel, horse and donkey races are the featured events of the fair. People indulge themselves in body tattooing as the villagers from distant places come here to trade their wares.


Pushkar: 11 km from Ajmer, Pushkar is one of the most important Hindu pilgim place. It is believed to be the abode of Lord Brahma (the Creator of the World). Pushkar is famous for its picturesque sites as well as more than 400 temples. The most famous temples is the 'Brahma Temple'. The picturesque sacred Pushkar Lake is said to have been originated by the falling of lotus from the hand of Brahma. It is believed that on Kartik Poornima (in October or November), one dip in the holy waters of lake is equivalent to performing yagnas for several hundred years.

Kishangarh: 27 km from Ajmer, a Rathore prince called Kishan Singh founded Kishangarh. It gained acclaim for its miniature paintings in the 18th century, which though short-lived was very refined and reached its height under the patronage of Savant Singh, who later became a hermit. While Savant Singh modeled as Krishna, his mistress popularly known as Bani Thani modeled for Radha. Paintings of Bani Thani are still famous. Today, the city is also known for its marble and textiles. Other main attractions of Kishangarh are its Fort and the magnificent Phool Mahal.

Roopangarh Fort: Maharaja Roop Singh of Kishangarh constructed the Roopangarh fort in the year 1648, mainly for security reasons. The fort is situated near the city of Kishangarh. The main attractions of the fort consist of its medieval stone granaries, royal armories, jails and daunting battlements. The fort has now been converted into a heritage hotel.

Temperature is very high in summers and very low in winters. Ajmer has an extreme climate with high climatic variations between the seasons. Average summer temperature stand at around 38°C maximum and minimum temperature is 27 ° C. There is not much of rain in Ajmer even during the monsoons. The best season to visit the Ajmer is in the winters or in September to March.

How to reach Ajmer:

Air: - The nearest airport to Ajmer is situated in Jaipur.

Train: - Ajmer is on the Broad Gauge and hence connected to all the metro cities of India. Some of train connections are - From Delhi, you can catch Shatabdi Express, The Pink City Express and Chetak Express.

Road: - Ajmer is well connected by the network of roads to Delhi, Agra and all the major cities of Rajasthan.

Local: - Auto, Taxis and Cycle-rickshaws are available.

For more details kindly enquire now for the above proposed tour.

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